Cysts

Cyst is a peripheral pathological gap that grows from the center to the perimeter. The pressure that the cysts create as they grow causes resorption (melting) of the roots of the neighboring teeth, and loss of the neighboring teeth can be observed in the cysts that grow too much. Cystic lesions cause bone destruction, spontaneous fractures of the jawbone and displacement or damage of the surrounding teeth. Tooth must be removed and cyst must be cleaned to prevent bone destruction. Rarely, if this cyst spreads over very large areas, it may become tumors and cause spontaneous fractures to the jaw bone.

How do cysts occur?

Cysts can develop from the residues of cells that are inserted into the tissues during the embryological development process, or may develop due to pathological changes in the root area due to irritation from the infected root canal or the presence of this lesion in the jaw bone after the tooth is drawn with cystic lesion at the root end.

Cyst Surgeries

The main principle in cyst surgeries is to remove the entire cyst together with the periphery. Neighboring tooth roots that are not related to the cyst lesion should be preserved and the teeth inside the cyst should be kept in the mouth through apical resection. In some cyst types, a drain is placed inside the cyst to ensure that the cyst pushes with its own pressure and the remaining impacted teeth come out. This drain is changed every week to reduce the pressure inside the cyst, to form new bones around the cyst and to allow the impacted teeth to come out. Cyst treatment should not cause functional or aesthetic problems. Therefore, large cyst gaps need to be reconstructed with proper bone grafts (bone dust) and membranes (barrier).

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