Endodontics - Root Canal Treatment

Endodontics - Root Canal Treatment

Good oral and dental health is one of the factors that improve the quality of life. For this reason, care should be taken for oral and dental care and the necessary treatments should be received from a specialized dentist as soon as possible. In this context, we will talk about root canal treatment, which is one of the most feared and afraid to get it done, but one of the most important treatment methods.

What is endodontics?

Endodontics, also known as root canal treatment, is a dental area that attempts to cure the tooth by destroying inflammatory infections caused by impacts, deep tooth decays, cracks, fractures and fragmentation in the dental root, nerve structure (dental pulp) and the tissues around the tooth.

How is the root canal treatment (endodontics) performed?

The root canal treatment is completed in one or more sessions depending on the degree of decay of the tooth. The stages of root canal treatment are:

  • Local anesthesia is performed to numb the tissues around the tooth to be endodonted.
  • After medication, saliva is prevented from leaking, which is routine as in most treatments. Because the area must be dry during endodontics procedure.
  • After a hole is opened, the canal expansion procedure is performed. Thus, teeth can be cleaned more smoothly and then filled securely.
  • After the hole is opened, the infected area is cleaned and dysfunctional pulp (nerve tissue), decay, bacteria, and similar harmful structures are removed.
  • Then a hole is drilled into the tooth to access the inflamed area that needs to be cleaned.
  • In order to start root canal treatment, an X-ray is taken, as in every dental treatment, and the condition of the surrounding teeth, inflammation in these teeth, etc. and whether there is a situation are checked.
  • At the last stage, the pre-drilled hole is closed and the root canal treatment ends. However, sometimes an additional filling can be applied according to the situation of the tooth.
  • Then the tooth is sealed and the dental canaliculis are filled.
  • After the tooth is cleaned, the filling procedure is performed, but if the endodontics specialist suspects a possible inflammation, the patient will continue to receive treatment after one week. A temporary filling is applied to prevent food wastes entering to the hole in the teeth etc.
  • Then a hole is drilled into the tooth to access the inflamed area that needs to be cleaned.

What is fiber post application?

As we said before, each patient's treatment process and needs are always different. Sometimes root canal treatment and filling may not be sufficient to hold the tooth alone and to withstand properly. The application used to increase the durability of teeth and support teeth after the root canal is cleaned called fiber post.


No tooth can replace a person’s own tooth no matter how advanced the high-level methods used in technology and dentistry are. Therefore, we need to protect our existing teeth as much as possible and have them treated instead of having them removed if we cannot protect them. This is where the root canal treatment comes into play. Because the purpose of root canal treatment is to make existing dental roots as long-lasting, healthy and usable as possible.

Of course, the pain threshold of everyone varies from person to person. But in general, root canal treatment does not hurt as much as it is feared of. In fact, the main purpose of root canal treatment is to remove the dead tooth nerve, in other words the pulp. Thus, the death of pulp causes you to feel no pain. However, some patients may experience pain or discomfort due to inflammation in the teeth.

If the tooth is heavily decayed and worn, or if there is a material loss in the tooth during root canal treatment, fiber post is applied.

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